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    Legal Dictionary Pdf

    LAW DICTIONARY. Definitions of the Terms and Phrases of. American and English Jurisprudence,. Ancient and Modern. By. HENRY CAMPBELL BLACK, M. A. An Oath. Administration. " Of Justice. " 0/ Government. " Of The Estate Of. A Deceased Person. Administrative. " Law. " Remedy. Administrator. Administratorship. it should help non-lawyers understand legal phrases; and. • it should give lawyers ideas for explaining the legal phrases that they use. The explanations in this.

    The offices of a judge and his or her staff. Chapter 11 A reorganization bankruptcy, usually involving a corporation or partnership. A Chapter 11 debtor usually proposes a plan of reorganization to keep its business alive and pay creditors over time. Individuals or people in business can also seek relief in Chapter Chapter 12 The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code providing for adjustment of debts of a "family farmer" or "family fisherman," as the terms are defined in the Bankruptcy Code.

    In civil law, the legal rights of someone who confronts an adverse action threatening liberty or property. E En banc French, meaning "on the bench. In the Ninth Circuit, an en banc panel consists of 11 randomly selected judges. Equitable Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law.

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    A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something e. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases.

    Equity The value of a debtor's interest in property that remains after liens and other creditors' interests are considered. Evidence Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder judge or jury to decide the case in favor of one side or the other.

    Ex parte A proceeding brought before a court by one party only, without notice to or challenge by the other side.

    Exclusionary rule Doctrine that says evidence obtained in violation of a criminal defendant's constitutional or statutory rights is not admissible at trial. Exculpatory evidence Evidence indicating that a defendant did not commit the crime.

    Executory contracts Contracts or leases under which both parties to the agreement have duties remaining to be performed. If a contract or lease is executory, a debtor may assume it keep the contract or reject it terminate the contract.

    Exempt assets Property that a debtor is allowed to retain, free from the claims of creditors who do not have liens on the property.

    Black's Law Dictionary 8th Edition

    Exemptions, exempt property Certain property owned by an individual debtor that the Bankruptcy Code or applicable state law permits the debtor to keep from unsecured creditors. For example, in some states the debtor may be able to exempt all or a portion of the equity in the debtor's primary residence homestead exemption , or some or all "tools of the trade" used by the debtor to make a living i.

    The availability and amount of property the debtor may exempt depends on the state the debtor lives in. F Face sheet filing A bankruptcy case filed either without schedules or with incomplete schedules listing few creditors and debts. Face sheet filings are often made for the purpose of delaying an eviction or foreclosure Family farmer An individual, individual and spouse, corporation, or partnership engaged in a farming operation that meets certain debt limits and other statutory criteria for filing a petition under Chapter Federal public defender An attorney employed by the federal courts on a full-time basis to provide legal defense to defendants who are unable to afford counsel.

    The judiciary administers the federal defender program pursuant to the Criminal Justice Act. Federal public defender organization As provided for in the Criminal Justice Act, an organization established within a federal judicial circuit to represent criminal defendants who cannot afford an adequate defense. Each organization is supervised by a federal public defender appointed by the court of appeals for the circuit.

    Federal question jurisdiction Jurisdiction given to federal courts in cases involving the interpretation and application of the U. Constitution, acts of Congress, and treaties. Felony A serious crime, usually punishable by at least one year in prison. File To place a paper in the official custody of the clerk of court to enter into the files or records of a case. Fraudulent transfer A transfer of a debtor's property made with intent to defraud or for which the debtor receives less than the transferred property's value.

    Fresh start The characterization of a debtor's status after bankruptcy, i. Giving debtors a fresh start is one purpose of the Bankruptcy Code. G Grand jury A body of citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, which is presented by the prosecutors, and determine whether there is probable cause to believe an individual committed an offense.

    See also indictment and U. H Habeas corpus Latin, meaning "you have the body.

    Federal judges receive petitions for a writ of habeas corpus from state prison inmates who say their state prosecutions violated federally protected rights in some way. Hearsay Evidence presented by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. With some exceptions, hearsay generally is not admissible as evidence at trial Home confinement A special condition the court imposes that requires an individual to remain at home except for certain approved activities such as work and medical appointments.

    Home confinement may include the use of electronic monitoring equipment — a transmitter attached to the wrist or the ankle — to help ensure that the person stays at home as required. I Impeachment 1. The process of calling a witness's testimony into doubt.

    For example, if the attorney can show that the witness may have fabricated portions of his testimony, the witness is said to be "impeached;" 2. The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" accuse of misconduct high officers of the federal government, who are then tried by the Senate. In camera Latin, meaning in a judge's chambers. Often means outside the presence of a jury and the public.

    [PDF] West s Spanish English English Spanish Law Dictionary: Translations of Terms, Phrases, and

    In private. In forma pauperis "In the manner of a pauper. Inculpatory evidence Evidence indicating that a defendant did commit the crime. Indictment The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.

    See also information. Information A formal accusation by a government attorney that the defendant committed a misdemeanor.

    See also indictment. It is useful for education as well as other related to law. Reviews Review Policy. Bug Fixed up. View details. Flag as inappropriate.

    See more. Legal Dictionary. The Legal Dictionary.

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